Nepal is a small country but yet it is one of the very pleasant countries in the world. Nepal equally has a lot of historical importance. The UNESCO has listed these places as the World Heritage Sites. These places are with no doubt the wonders of Nepal. Some of the historical places are of more than 2500 Years old. Although, most of these historical places are inside Kathmandu valley and some are outside the valley. Whether you are Nepali or foreigner, and want to know about Nepal, then you must know these historical places that are obsessed with Nepal.
Aside from that, the country has bounty to offer to the social explorer. The country itself being a mixture of Buddhist and Hindu religions, Nepal has some rich historical places that are extraordinary and charming. From enormous Hindu sanctuaries to interesting Buddhist religious communities Nepal has a lot of things to offers.
Historical places of Nepal
#1. Bhaktapur Durbar Square
The square is without a doubt a living exhibition hall. You can see a lot of antiquated landmarks, structures, and houses any place you turn. The structures are hundreds of years old, and the engineering is different and dazzling. From Durbar Square, you can enjoy the view of stunning mountains with all perspectives of the Himalayan tops from Nagarkot. Nagargot is small town you can visit near Bhaktapur. Bhaktapur is home for most of the ancient things that Nepal possess.
Where is Bhaktapur?
Situated a good ways off of simply 15kms (or 10 miles) toward the east of the capital city, Bhaktapur is a magnificent alternative for a day or end of the week trip from Kathmandu. An UNESCO world social legacy site, the Durbar Square (Royal Plaza) is the focal point of this old Newari city.
- 55 Windows Palace
- Nyatapola Temple
- The Vatsala Temple
- Dattatreya Temple
#2. Shree Pashupatinath Temple
This is the most old Hindu haven of Nepal dedicated to Lord Shiva. Pashupatinath Temple is located around 5KM from Kathmandu city. You can see the stream of Bagmati River from the temple. It is one of the celebrated Nepal’s Historical destinations and is in the list of UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site.
Almost all the national and international visitor visiting Kathmandu city once visits this temple as it holds lots of historical significance and religious believes. It’s only a ten-minute drive from the Tribhuvan International airport. So it is no trouble for visitors to visit this most important historical place of Nepal.
#3. Manakamana Temple:
Manakama temple is around 90KM away from kathmadnu. It is the temple of Hindus situated in Gorkha District of Nepal. It is located at the top of the mountain with the altitude of 1300 meters.The word Manakamana signifies “wish” in Nepali meaning. It is generally believed in Nepal that if we make a wish something and worship Goddess Manakamana, then she will fulfill our wishes.
Transportation to the temple takes around 3 to 4 hours by bus from the capital city to kurintar. Since it is located at the top of the mountain. 10 minutes cable car is available to get into the temple from kurintar.
#4. Patan Durbar Square
In the list of historical places of Nepal, Patan Durbar Square can’t be an exception. It is the town of Patan that is encompassed by four stupas raised by Emperor Ashoka in the third century B.C. With a rich and differing history, Patan constantly assumed an immense job in the social and political history of Nepal consistently.
Likewise, known as Lalitpur, the Patan Durbar Square is one among the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Sites in Nepal. A work of great Newari architecture, it has a Square floor that is tiled with red blocks. Lodging numerous sanctuaries and icons, it additionally holds old Newari private houses. Patan durbar square is located approximately 5KM away from the capital city So it is not difficult for explorers to visit this place.
Lumbini is the birthplace of lord Buddha, Lumbini is also listed as in the UNESCO as world heritage site. This place is something beyond religious and historical place of Nepal. It is central attraction for lots of Buddhist. This place is visited by many Buddhist each day. We can see many Buddhist chanting and meditating around the temple.
It is believed that the mother of Buddha, Maya Devi, brought forth the Lord close to a tree in the focal point of the nursery, which presently houses a sanctuary committed to her. Lumbini is around 300 km away from the capital city and costs around 1000 NPR to get in this place. This place possess an incredible importance in the history of Nepal.
World Peace Pagoda, Lumbini Garden, Thai Monastery, Maya Devi Temple, Dharmaswami Buddhist Monastery are the key attraction of this place.
#6. Bhoudanath Stupa
Boudhanath was made by Lichhivi King Shavadev in around (590-604 A.D). As one of the UNESCO world heritage sites, this is an important and religious historical place of Nepal. The Boudhanath Stupa is one of the biggest Tibetan Buddhists stupas outside of Tibet.
It is believed that Bhoudanath stupa was made by King Man Dev in the fifth century, this stupa is a true work of an architecure which symbolizes Buddhist religion. To visit this place from Kathmandu city it takes around 40-50min and the ride costs around 400 NPR. Explorers can easily get into this historical place
At Night time Bhoudhanath Stupa is decorated with lights and candle.
During the Tibetan New Year, celebrated in Feb or March, Bodhnath has the celebration of Losar, the greatest Buddhist celebration in Nepal.
#7. Kathmandu Durbar Square
Kathmandu Durbar Sqaure is mostly visited place in Kathmandu that holds significant historical importance. You must visit this historical place of Nepal once in a lifetime. It is also listed in UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site.
It’s live exhibition hall and gives you a look into the nearby lifestyle. Loaded up with mainstream holy places and sanctuaries that show the antiquated Newari design, it’s an extraordinary spot to begin your outing to Nepal.
#8. Changu Narayan Temple
Changu Narayan Temple is as old as history of Nepal. This is one of the oldest Hindu temple of Nepal tha has a history that returns 3000 years. This temple is also known as the most known and established Hindu temple of Nepal. It is one of the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site and is worked in the two-layered pagoda building style.
The fundamental sanctuary is encompassed by legendary monsters – slam horned griffons, winged lions, and other natural creatures like elephants and lions on all sides of the walls. During the massive earthquake in Nepal in 2015, most part of this temple was heavily destroyed. Even though it is under the construction and yet open for visitors
To visit this temple you can get here by a taxi ride that costs around 600 Rupees. It is located around 40KM from Kathmandu city.
#9. Swayambhunath Stupa
This is another of Nepal’s UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Sites situated only around 3K.M away from capital city. It is said that a before thousand years, this territory was an island and King Manadeva manufactured a stupa here around 460 A.D. It’s otherwise called the Monkey Temple for the primate populace in and around the sanctuary complex. Today, the stupa has an apex made of copper with a cone shaped tower. The lower part is made of dirt and block and has Lord Buddha’s eyes decorated on every one of the four corners. The stupa offers clearing perspectives on the whole valley of Kathmandu.
Janakpur was the capital of the old kingdom of Mithila, otherwise called the origination of Sita and the city where Lord Ram marry Sita. “Janaki Mandir” is hundreds of years after the fact, the Maithili culture is as yet apparent in this city. This place is located at the central part of Nepal.
Janakpur is considered one of 10 of the most historical places of Nepal. A large number of Hindu pioneers visit Janaki Mandir consistently on the Vivah Panchami celebration, the commemoration of the wedding of the legendary couple held in November or early December. The gigantic three-story sanctuary complex with more than 60 rooms is the delegated brilliance of Janakpur.
#11. Muktinath Temple
Muktinath is one of the world’s a tallest temple located at the height of 3710 m above from ocean level, this place is perhaps the holiest spot for the Hindus and the Buddhists. Muktinath is close to the Ranipauwa village in Mustang District. With Hinduism the name Muktinath actually signifies, “Spot of Escape” and Buddhist calls it “Chumig Gyasta” which means “Hundreds waters” The sanctuary is a little structure and contains an icon of Lord Vishnu, as Mukti Narayana. This journey site is a brilliant of how two religions can share a heavenly site in agreement.
As per Hindu way of thinking, a visit to this sanctuary puts a conclusion to the cycle of birth and resurrection. It will enable you to accomplish genuine recovery from any bad activity you have done in life, where you become one with the spiritual life.